Now the field of weather forecasting, telecommunication and television broadcasting is growing rapidly all over the world and all these facilities are operated through satellites, hence the demand for installing such communication satellites in space is increasing. Let us know about the top 5 space agency of the world that have made their presence in space:
1. NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration)
The name comes first in this list, although it was not the first agency to explore the universe, but the number of space missions sent outside Earth is named after him. The record of manned mission to the moon is recorded in the name of NASA, their first space flight was under Mercury program. The second program was Gemini which had a life span of 6 years. The most popular space mission has been Apollo, it was under the Apollo program that man set foot on the Moon for the first time and returned safely to Earth. Along with this, the Apollo program also developed technology to serve the interests of other countries in space.
Russia’s space agency (Roscosmos) comes second in this list, Russia was the first country in the world to launch a space mission. The record of sending the first human and animal to Earth’s orbit is recorded in the name of this agency. Some of the successful missions of this agency include Return to Moon, Return to Venus. GLONASS was also one of his missions in which he launched 24 satellites simultaneously. Recently this agency is working on Phobos and Luna. Where Phobos is a Mars mission, Luna is a Moon mission.
3. China National Space Administration (CNSA)
China’s space program is guided by the country’s National Space Administration (CNSA). It ranks third in this list, he has done many manned space missions and so far 11 Chinese astronauts have traveled in space. In 2014, CNSA used its first robotic lunar lander and rover. It successfully made the first soft landing on the moon, named Chang’e 3.
4. European Space Agency
The European Space Agency (ISA) is a joint grouping of 20 member states, which conducts activities related to space. It was established in the year 1975, the European Space Agency is going to launch many space missions in the coming days, this agency also has some records to its name, the record of successfully landing a spacecraft on a comet is in the name of
5. Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)
ISRO was established on 15 August 1969. India has achieved proficiency in space commerce at a low cost. Countries whose satellites have been launched by ISRO also include satellites from the US and Israel, indicating that India is rapidly making its way into the satellite launch market. In the last few years, India has launched 79 satellites from 21 countries of the world, including satellites of big companies like Google and Airbus.